The Subject area “Environmental Resources, Security and Climate Change” is based on the modern fluid mechanics being the tool for the quantitative study of geophysical fluids and the transport mechanisms of chemical agents (pollutants), biological agents (pathogens) and physical agents (sediments) in the environment.
The understanding of the complex natural processes which model the environment and rule the mass and energy exchanges, as well as the best management of natural resources are the main issues to be analysed.
This Subject area also deals with issues regarding the management of the natural resources cycle, such as, for example, hydric resources, and the management of the life-cycle of goods, trying to preserve the quality of the environment, recycle and enhance the use of products at the end of their primary life-cycle.
The development of new systems to monitor, model and represent the environmental processes is another objective of this subject area, together with the study of the study of the dynamics of plant-and animal ecosystems, in relation to the hydrological and geophysical processes which influence their development.
The measurement of effects induced by climate changes on the environment and its resources, including the ecosystems, is another important objective of this area.
Finally, research activities are carried out, aimed at detecting the best engineering solutions to minimize the emissions of (solid, liquid and gas) pollutants which might influence climate changes